According to the latest Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) count from 2011–2012, 68% of four-year colleges and universities with 2,500 students or more employ fully sworn campus police officers to maintain safety and order in their campus community.
The trend continues to move in that direction, as more and more officers on campuses are given full policing powers; however, a substantial 32% of schools, and likely most small colleges and alternative programs, rely on non-sworn officers. Non-sworn officers have the same responsibility to keep students, faculty and visitors safe, but they do not have the power to arrest. This presents both challenges and opportunities.
Read more in our full article in American Police Beat.